HOW WE'RE SAVING REEFS

Coral Vita uses cutting-edge methods developed at marine institutes around the world - growing corals up to 50x faster than in nature while boosting their resilience against climate change - to restore reefs in the most effective way possible.

What Is Coral Farming?

Coral farming is the process whereby fragments of corals are collected from local reefs, raised in farms until mature, and then installed at the restoration site. After decades of scientific, small-scale, and community-based projects around the world, this has been shown to be a viable method for restoring degraded reefs. With the advent of innovative coral farming techniques, now is the time to launch large-scale restoration efforts to revive and protect our world’s valuable and threatened coral reef ecosystems. To see reef restoration in action, visit us at our first coral farm in Grand Bahama.

Microframentation

Coral Vita is continuing to innovate on the microfragmenting process pioneered by our advisor Dr. David Vaughan. This method allows us to accelerate coral growth rates by up to 50x, growing mature and diverse species in months rather than decades.

Assisted Evolution

Through the assisted evolution process developed by our late advisor Dr. Ruth Gates, we are able to train our corals to survive in warmer and more acidic ocean conditions by adjusting growing conditions in our tanks. We also breed native corals together, selecting for resilience.

LAND-BASED fARMING

Coral Vita’s high-tech farms are able to incorporate the latest coral restoration innovations while also scaling the farming process to reach the levels needed for ecological restoration. A single land-based Coral Vita farm can potentially produce millions of corals.

Our Restoration Process

Coral Vita restores reefs by growing and transplanting resilient corals.
We restore reefs using a proven 5-step process.

Assess

Study reef’s health and water quality conditions to identify restoration site.

CREATE

Develop restoration plan, determining which coral species should be grown, how many, and where they will be planted to revive the reef.

RAISE

Rear corals using accelerated growth and improved resiliency methods in our land-based farms.

INSTALL

Outplant coral into reefs once they are sufficiently mature.

MONITOR

Evaluate restoration progress and local marine health after installation

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How Coral Vita’s Different

The majority of coral farming projects today use ocean-based nurseries . Ocean-based nurseries are appealing for small-scale restoration projects because they can be assembled at low cost and support fast-growing branching species like Staghorn and Elkhorn corals. Unfortunately, such nurseries don't offer an effective and scalable means for executing large-scale restoration projects, especially since they are almost entirely grant-funded. Coral Vita grows corals in land-based farms, which provide crucial advantages for the company and reef stakeholders.

Unlike ocean-based projects, land-based farms can use breakthrough techniques that allow for faster growth of more diverse array of corals. By using microfragmenting - a process pioneered by the Mote Marine Laboratory  - we can accelerate coral growth up to 50x natural rates. Many coral species that serve as critical building blocks for reefs (such as Brain or Great Star corals) grow too slowly to be feasible for restoration projects using ocean-based nurseries. Now, Coral Vita can grow these corals in months rather than decades.

Land-based coral farming enables the usage of assisted evolution techniques to improve coral resiliency to changing oceanic conditions that threaten reef health. Corals that are native to each restoration project can be raised to be more tolerant to threats such as warming temperatures or acidification, as we can control their growing conditions. Coral Vita advisors are leading experts in coral resiliency and accelerated growth methods, putting the company at the forefront of efforts to help reefs survive for future generations.

Farming corals on land further reduces risks that ocean-based nurseries are exposed to, such as storms, boating accidents, or warming events. Also, ocean-based farming limits the type of corals to the site-specific location of the nursery. Growing corals on land allows us to produce a range of native corals which meet the needs of a particular site, as Coral Vita can tailor water conditions that replicate those of restoration site. Sooner rather than later, Coral Vita's land-based farming offers a viable solution to counter large-scale degradation.